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Daily Current Affairs : 23rd July 2019 : The Hindu News Analysis

Chandrayaan 2 : Reaching for the Moon

The follow on project of Mission Chandrayaan 1 which took off in 2008 was blasted from the Sri Harikota and is expected to land on moon  on Sept 7, 2019. The launch vehicle used was the massive GSLV Mark III.

Why it is so important?
  • The launch comes barely a week after the 50th anniversary of the man's first steps on the moon in 1969.
  • If successful, the scientists can carry out studies on the presence of water at Moon's South pole, which is unexplored by any other nation till now.
  • China, Russia and the U.S. are the only nations to have sent missions to the moon.
  • India has also announced plans for a manned space mission with a targeted flight in Dec 2021, besides proposing missions to study Venus and the Sun.
To know more about the Chandrayaan 2, Click Here

Anticipatory Bail Bill gets President's nod

The bill passed by the Uttar Pradesh Government will pave the way for the reintroduction of the provision of Anticipatory Bail, which was revoked during the Emergency in 1976.

Barring Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, all other states in the country have the provision of anticipatory bail.

What is Anticipatory Bail?

  • The provision of Anticipatory bail is mentioned under the Section 438 of CrPC. The Law Commission in its 41st report recommended to incorporate this provision in the Code.
  • The provision "allows a person to seek bail in anticipation of an arrest on accusation of having committed a non-bailable offence." It is basically a direction to release a person on bail, issued even before the person is arrested.
Eligibility to get Anticipatory Bail?

  • When any person apprehends that there is a move to get misused or arrested on false or trumped up charges, or due to enmity with someone, or he fears that a false case is likely to be built up against him, he has the right to move the Court of Sessions or High Court under Section 438 of CrPC.
  • The Bail can be granted by Session Court, High Court and Supreme Court.

Conditions for Bail?

  • Person to be available for interrogation by Police as and when required.
  • Person shall not, directly or indirectly, make any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the acts of the case so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the Court or the Police.
  • Person shall not leave India without previous permissions of the Court.
An accused is free on bail as long as same is cancelled by a High Court or the Court of Sessions.

Odisha renews efforts to revive Gharial population

The State Goverment has decided to revive the population of the "critically endangered" species of Gharial by releasing 5 reptiles ( 2 males and 3 females) into the Satkosia Gorge of Mahanadi - The Southernmost Limit of the Gharial's home range in India.

  • According to the wildlife wing of Odisha State Forest Department, Gharials-the large reptiles which were abundant in main rivers and tributaries of Indus, Ganga, Brahamaputra and Mahanadi-Brahmani, are now limited to only 14 widely spaced and restricted locations in India and Nepal.
  • Odisha is the only state in India having all the three species - Gharial, Mugger and Saltwater Crocodiles.
  • The State Forest Department began conservation of these crocodile species in 1975 by establishing 3 rearing centers at Tikarpada for Gharial in Angul district, Ramatirtha for Mugger in Mayurbhanj and Bhitarkanika for Saltwater Crocodiles in Kendrapara district.

What Is NEXT?

It is a test proposed by the National Medical Commission Bill, which seeks to replace the Medical Council Act, 1956 but lapsed with the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.

NEXT stands for National Exit Test. According to the Bill, it will be conducted across the country replacing the final year MBBS exam, and the scores used to allot PG seats as well. It would allow medical graduates to start a medical practice in India.


China to launch Chang'e 5 mission in December

The Chang'e 5 mission will be launched in the backdrop of India's Chandrayaan 2 which was recently blasted from the Sriharikota The mission is an effort by China to make its presence in space mission to explore the moon's surface.

The Chang'e 5 Mission 

It will be China's first sample return mission i.e., it aims to come back with atleast 2 kg of lunar soil and rock samples back to Earth.


Quick Feeds

  • U.S. President Donald Trump offered to be a "mediator" between India and Pakistan on the Kashmir Issue.
  • Plea has been filed to seek equal status for both National Anthem and National Song. The National Song was first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of INC.
  • Rajasthan Government to promote technology upgradation to boost their handloom sector by promoting branding and marketing of handloom products.
  • Rise in robbery and rape incidents in Railways : A REPORT BY MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS
    • In 2017, 1,058 cases of robbery reported across 16 Railway zones, which increased to 1,472 in 2018.
    • Similarly, the number of rape cases reported in 2017 were 55, which increased to 69 in 2018.
  • After Chandrayaan 2, is the Chandrayaan 3 in the offing around 2024 to bring soil and rock samples back from the lunar South Pole. ISRO has initiated talks with JAXA for the joint project.
  • Reliance Jio bypassed Bharti Airtel  in wireless subscriptions base to become the 2nd largest telecom operator in India in May 2019.
  • The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 amends the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 to include provision that "apart from a former Chief Justice of India, a former Supreme Court Judge can be the Chairperson of National Human Right Commission".
  • RTI(Amendment) Bill
    • As per the Amendments, the Information Commissioners (ICs)- who currently have 5 year tenures- will have terms as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
    • The salaries, instead of being at par with the Election Commission of India, will be decided by the Center.
    • The major implication of this amendment will be the limitations on the power of the Chief Information Commissioner and the State Information Commissioners. In other words, it could be understood as a move to centralize the power in the hands of Center thus challenging the very concept of decentralized power in the democracy.
  • N.M. Naravane will be the next Vice-Chief of Army.


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